"Exactly how any of those options would work is not spelled out in the law"
That sentence pretty much sums up Georgia's new education structure. Though we've mentioned this before, the deconstruction of Georgia's public education system, started by Democrat Roy "King Rat" Barnes, has now been codified by the Georgia Legislature and Republican Sonny Perdue. How much damage caused will depend on how responsive the Georgia public is to the dynamics of their local systems.
This article really drives home one of the most important points about administration of public education in the South: the same legislators who continually cry and wail about all the problems and restrictions on public education are the exact same people who wrote those problems and restrictions into the code in the first place. You can't just go back and repeal bad laws, in this day and age, you get to make bad laws and policy, and then encourage the locals to contract with you a legal and policy exemption.
Like when New Orleans' Recovery School District is tasked primarily with chartering New Orleans' public schools, what incentive do they have to fix the non-chartered public schools which they have more control over? Georgia's answer is to charter whole local systems.
The laws, policies and reforms that have gone into public education since 1996 have apparently done nothing to improve public education. But a lot of people have made an awful lot of money through those laws, policies and reforms.
Welcome to the "Educational Industrial Complex."